San Marino – The Enclave Gem Of Italy

The Republic of San Marino Italy's Mountaintop Microstate Republic


San Marino is an enclave located in the southern region of Italy that is surrounded by the country of Italy. It is the oldest republic in the world and is sometimes referred to as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino. Despite its small size and population of roughly 33,000 citizens, it has a rich history and culture that is worth exploring.


San Marino is located in the Italian Apennine Mountains, which is the range that runs down the center of the Italian peninsula. It is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea and is only 24 square miles in size. It is located near the city of Rimini and is only a few miles away from the Adriatic Sea.

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San Marino has been an independent republic since 301 AD. It was founded by a stonecutter named Marinus of Arbe who was fleeing from persecution from the Roman emperor Diocletian. The pope recognized San Marino as an independent republic in 1631 and it has remained so ever since. The country was occupied by French troops during the Napoleonic Wars but was eventually released and restored to its independence.


San Marino is a unitary parliamentary republic with a government that is based on the Italian constitution. The government consists of the President, the Captains Regent, the Congress of State, and the Council of Twelve. The Captains Regent serve a six month term as the head of state and can be re-elected. The Congress of State is made up of 60 members who are elected every five years. The Council of Twelve consists of 12 members who serve as the cabinet of the government.

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San Marino has a strong economy that is based on tourism and banking. Tourism is the main industry in the country and it is estimated that more than three million tourists visit the country every year. Banking is also an important part of the economy with many foreign banks having a presence in the country. San Marino also has a strong manufacturing sector with the main products being furniture, textiles, clothing, and electronics.


San Marino has a rich culture that is strongly influenced by its Italian roots. The language spoken in the country is Italian and most of the citizens are Roman Catholic. San Marino also has a lively nightlife and is known for its many festivals and celebrations. The cuisine in San Marino is also heavily influenced by Italian cuisine, with many dishes featuring seafood, vegetables, and pasta.

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San Marino is a small but fascinating country that has a long and rich history. It is a unique enclave that is surrounded by Italy and it has a strong economy and culture that make it an interesting place to visit. With its many attractions and its Italian heritage, San Marino is a great destination for any traveler.

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